The Treaty of Versailles by Louise Chipley Slavicek download in iPad, ePub, pdf
She simply could not produce what was needed that year and this led to the French invasion of the Ruhr. After the war had finished, Lloyd George believed that the spread of communism posed a far greater threat to the world than a defeated Germany. It also required Germany to give up the gains made via the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk and grant independence to the protectorates that had been established. Clemenceau accepted the offer, in return for an occupation of the Rhineland for fifteen years and that Germany would also demilitarise the Rhineland. The German Kaiserliche Marine was mainly restricted to the German Bight and used commerce raiders and unrestricted submarine warfare for a counter-blockade.
Alongside these statistics, was the fact that vast areas of north-eastern Europe had been reduced to rubble. These four men met in closed sessions to make all the major decisions, which were later ratified by the entire assembly. He believed that Germany should be punished but in a way that would lead to European reconciliation as opposed to revenge. Versailles also split up many large empires on the losing side. This happened but as with submariners, potential pilots were trained abroad or using gliders in Germany to educate them in the theory of flying.
Under the terms of Article of the Treaty, the Germans accepted responsibility for the war and the liability to pay financial reparations to the Allies. In one last gesture of defiance, the captured German naval force held at Scapa Flow north of Scotland scuttled itself i.
To prevent Germany from building up a large cadre of trained men, the number of men allowed to leave early was limited. Though this lack of consultation angered them, there was nothing they could do about it. He could not understand how an advanced civilisation could have reduced itself so that it had created so much devastation. Above all else, Germany hated the clause blaming her for the cause of the war and the resultant financial penalties the treaty was bound to impose on Germany. According to French and British wishes, the Treaty of Versailles subjected Germany to strict punitive measures.
This was a very harsh treaty. While it fought alongside the Allies, the United States was not bound to honor pre-existing agreements among the Allied Powers. The border would be fixed with regard to the vote and to the geographical and economic conditions of each locality. The victors from World War One were in no mood to be charitable to the defeated nations and Germany, in particular, was held responsible for the war and its consequences. The Czech part was made up of the country once called Bohemia and Moravia.
Germany was also forbidden to unite with Austria to form one superstate, in an attempt to keep her economic potential to a minimum. The Turkish Straits was put under the control of the League of Nations at a time when it was dominated by Britain and France. Coal from the Saar and Upper Silesia in particular was a vital economic loss. All land taken from Russia had to be handed back to Russia. But it also created problems.